Read e-book online A History of the Korean Language PDF

By Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

ISBN-10: 0521661897

ISBN-13: 9780521661898

A heritage of the Korean Language is the 1st publication at the topic ever released in English. It strains the starting place, formation, and diverse old phases during which the language has handed, from previous Korean via to the current day. each one bankruptcy starts with an account of the historic and cultural history. A complete record of the literature of every interval is then supplied and the textual checklist defined, in addition to the script or scripts used to write down it. eventually, each one level of the language is analyzed, delivering new information supplementing what's recognized approximately its phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon. the extreme alphabetic fabrics of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are given distinct cognizance, and are used to make clear previous, pre-alphabetic sessions.

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These descriptions are all we actually know about the Suksin languages. ˘ mnu, Mulgil, Malgal – these are but names as far as the languages Suksin, U are concerned. All we have to work with are where the people who spoke them lived, what they were reported to look like, and what they practiced as customs. It is usually said that the Suksin were the ancestors of the Jurchen, but the only basis for that assertion is such extralinguistic evidence as their geographical distribution and physical appearance.

Golo ‘river bed,’ K. kolom  ‘river’; Ma. gu ‘jadite, precious stone,’ K. kwusul 구슬 ‘gem, precious stone’; Ma. hacin ‘kind, sort,’ K. ’; Ma. jahari ‘pebbles and stones found along a river bed,’ K. cakal 자갈 ‘gravel’; Ma. mu-ke ‘water,’ mul 믈 ‘water’; Ma. ’ (the ethnonym itself means ‘local people’), K. nalah 나랗 ‘country, land’ (-lah is a suffix). A few noun comparisons possibly represent early cultural or contact loans. ’ is also a suspicious comparison for this reason. ’ is another. 6 7 The low–low tone structure of the Middle Korean form is more typical of loanwords than native vocabulary.

Considering the prominence of Japanese in the world and the similarity of its structure to that of Korean, the attention is understandable. In 1717, well before the comparative method was even developed, the Japanese Confucian Arai Hakuseki speculated that the two languages must have had an earlier historical relationship. Later in the same century, in 1781, still long before the methodology of historical linguistics was known in Japan, Fujii Teikan suggested the two must have come from a common source.

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A History of the Korean Language by Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

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