By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A heritage of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is now being reissued. during this ultimate quantity, Runciman examines the revival of the Frankish nation on the time of the 3rd campaign till its cave in a century later. The interwoven topics of the ebook contain: Christiandom, the substitute of the aesthetic Ayubites via the fewer sympathetic Mameluks as chief of the Moslem global, and the arrival of the Mongols. He encompasses a bankruptcy on structure and the humanities, and an epilogue at the final manifestations of the Crusading spirit.
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Extra info for A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades
1191: The English Fleet arrives off Cyprus four days later the Cardinal of Santa Maria in Cosmedin was consecrated as Celestine III. Henry of Hohenstaufen was in Rome at the time; and the new Pope's first action, under pressure, was to crown him and Constance of Sicily as Emperor and Empress. The French fleet made a good passage to Tyre where Philip was gladly welcomed by his cousin, Conrad ofMontferrat. He arrived with Conrad at Acre on 20 April. At once the siege of the Moslem fortress was tightened.
144. For his character see the discussion in Stubbs's introduction to the lti11erarium, also Norgate, Richard the Lion Heart, passim. ur-de-Lion unscrupulous. But he had an overriding sense of his duties and responsibilities. For all his meanness to himself and his friends, he was generous to the poor and protected them from their oppressors. He was an unattractive, unlovable man, but a good king. Amongst the Franks of the East he enjoyed a special prestige, for he was overlord of the families from which almost all of them had sprung;andmostofthevisitingCrusadersweredirectlyorindirectly his vassals.
25 Acre Christian army was safe behind its defences, where Saladin did not venture to attack them. Many Frankish knights fell on the field, including Andrew of Brienne. The German troops panicked and suffered severely; and losses were high amongst the Templars. Their Grand Master, Gerard of Ridfort, who had been King Guy's evil genius in the days before Hattin, was captured and paid for his follies with his death. Conrad himself only escaped capture by the gallant intervention of his rival, King Guy.
A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades by Steven Runciman