By William H. Baxter
A guide of outdated chinese language Phonology is the normal reference for the reconstruction of outdated chinese language, i.e. the language of the pre-Qin interval.
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Additional resources for A Handbook of Old Chinese Phonology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
Differences obtained between the pronunciations of the past and the present and different principles of selection were followed by the various authors.... The ranjl til!!! by LU nng IS WJ, the rllnla.! /! h6u Gili J[ ~ali:, the ranla.! /! '" 36 2. TM MU:tdk ChiMu phoflOlogical system conlain forms which are mutually inconsistent. The rhymes used in the South also differ widely from those used in the Nonh. And so we discussed the right and the wrong of South and Nonh, and the prevailing and the obsolete of past and present; wishing to present a IDOIC refined and precise standard.
Which ends in the corresponding voiceless stop; for example, MC -et is considered the rwhing counterpart of Me -en (pIng), -en)( (shdng), and -enIJ (qu). For convenience, the head character of the plngshing rhyme is often used to refer to the whole set of corresponding rhymes regardless of tone. t! Dong" sometimes refers not just to the first rhyme of the plngshLng section, but also, in a broader sense, to the corresponding rhymes in sMngshing and qwhing: Ii DOOg (containing words with finals -uwngx and -juwngX) and 3 Song (containing words with finals -uwngH and -juwngH); and sometimes also to the corresponding rUshing rhyme 1M.
This is probably because he failed to recognize the distinc· tion between Early Middle Chinese and Late Middle Chinese. For example, Karlgren reconstructed the same main vowel -tJ- in both the following words: (18) mgen 'root', Karlgren's kan (my kan) (19) IT jfn 'axe; catty', Karlgren's kj,tJn (my kjin) His reconstruction makes it appear that the two words would make a good rhyme. This may have been true for Late Middle Chinese,26 but in Early Middle Chinese, rhymes of this type are quite rare.
A Handbook of Old Chinese Phonology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs) by William H. Baxter